Much like traditional calypso, soca music frequently revolves around saucy or suggestive lyrics and thinly-veiled double-entendres.
The nickname of the Trinidad and Tobago national football team, the Soca Warriors, is a reference to this musical genre. Calypso‘s offspring, soca, is increasingly broadening its global appeal. Formed during the mid-’70s disco era, soca, swerved away from calypso’s heavy social commentary and focused more on an international audience, pulsating dance beats and party lyrics.
Calypso is a style of Afro-Caribbean music that originated in Trinidad and Tobago during the early to mid 20th century, and lays it roots in the West African Kaiso and the migration of Martinican planters and their slaves. The music, which drew upon African and French influences, became the voice of the people, and was characterized by highly rhythmic and harmonic vocals, which was most often sung in a French creole and led by a griot. As calypso developed, the role of the griot (originally a similar traveling musician in West Africa) became known as a chantuelle and eventually, calypsonian.
Read more… >>> http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calypso_music
calypso, a type of folk song primarily from Trinidad though sung elsewhere in the southern and eastern Caribbean islands. The subject of a calypso text, usually witty and satiric, is a local and topical event of political and social import, and the tone is one of allusion, mockery, and double entendre.
The calypso tradition, popularized abroad in the late 1950s, dates to the early 19th century and was originally called caïso or cariso. During the carnival season before Lent, groups of slaves led by popular singers, or shatwell, wandered through the streets singing and improvising veiled lyrics directed toward unpopular political figures.
Read more… >>> http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/90381/calypso
Soca rivals “slack” dancehall reggae and raunchy r&b for great risque music, they feature catchy melodies and throbbing arrangements, showcasing soca’s musical punch and hypnotic grooves. Some of soca’s biggest worldwide hits include “Turn Me On” by Kevin Lyttle, “Tempted to Touch” by Rupee, “Who Let the Dogs Out” by Baha Men (originally sang by Anslem Douglas), “Sweet Soca Music” by Sugar Daddy, “Nookie” by Jamesy P, “Hot Hot Hot” by Buster Poindexter (originally sang by Arrow), and “Follow the leader” by Soca Boys (originally sang by Nigel and Marvin Lewis).
The Worldwide Popularity of Calypso Music:Calypso music became something of an international craze when Harry Belafonte first scored a major U.S. hit in 1956 with “Day-O” (the Banana Boat Song), a reworked version of a traditional Jamaican mento song. Belafonte later became an important figure in the folk revival of the 1960s, and although critics say his music was really a watered-down version of Calypso, he still deserves credit for popularizing the genre.Read more… >>> http://worldmusic.about.com/od/genres/p/calypso.htmOriginally, calypso music was a type of code used in communication among the slaves who were prohibited from speaking to each other. So, they sang in an African-derived creole so that their masters could not understand what was being said. Often times they would use this medium to ridicule their masters.Read more… >>> http://www.anngel.com/ACIJ/history-calypso.htmORIGINS OF SOCA: The soca genre emerged in the 1970s when calypsonian Lord Shorty (Garfield Blackman) began experimenting with East Indian rhythms, using instruments such as the dholak, tabla and dhantal and fusing them with the calypso beat. According to Alvin Daniel, Lord Shorty initially called this new beat ‘sokah’ (later changed to soca), declaring that it was the soul (so) of calypso (ca).
SOCA TRENDS: Today, soca has become one of the most popular sub-genres of calypso, spawning its own sub-groups, chutney soca and ragga soca. Its high-energy beat has attracted the young and the young at heart. Early practitioners such as Chris ‘Tambu’ Herbert and Blue Boy (later SuperBlue) have given way to a whole new generation of singers such as Iwer George, Machel Montano, Destra Garcia and Faye-Ann Lyons just to name a few. Soca has survived the criticism of the traditionalist and grown into a massive industry, effectively taking over the Carnival party scene and the Road March arena.
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